Using BrowserStack with Travis CI
Travis CI integrates with BrowserStack, a cross browser and real device web-based testing platform. BrowserStack can be used for interactive as well as automated testing through frameworks like Selenium, Karma and others.
This add-on automatically sets up BrowserStack Local which allows you to test your private servers alongside public URLs, using the BrowserStack cloud. To do this it uses the BrowserStackLocal binary for your build platform.
BrowserStack Local establishes a secure connection between your Travis build container/VM and BrowserStack servers. Local Testing also has support for firewalls, proxies and Active Directory. Once the secure connection is setup, all URLs work out of the box, including your webserver, local folders, as well as URLs with HTTPS.
Setting up BrowserStack #
Please sign up for a BrowserStack account if you haven’t already; it’s
free for Open Source projects. Once you have signed up get your username and access key from
the account settings page. Your username and access key are required to configure the
file of your project.
Choose whether you want to store your access key as plain text or in a secure/encrypted form. For open source projects we recommend
storing the access key in a secure form so that pull requests cannot use the keys stored in your
For more information see the pull requests page.
Encrypted Access Key #
To encrypt your access key for use in
.travis.yml you can use
travis encrypt "your BrowserStack access key".
You need to have the travis cli installed to be able to do this (see Encryption Keys for more details).
Once your access key is encrypted you can add the secure string:
addons: browserstack: username: "Your BrowserStack username" access_key: secure: "The secure string output of `travis encrypt`"
Plain Text Access Key #
To store your access key in plain text format, add the following configuration to your
addons: browserstack: username: "Your BrowserStack username" access_key: "Your BrowserStack access key"
We strongly recommend storing your BrowserStack access keys in encrypted format, since other users that have access to your repository can read and use your plain text access keys to test on BrowserStack.
Local Identifier #
A Local Identifier is a unique identifier for each Local connection when multiple Local connections are connected. The add-on will ALWAYS create a Local Identifier for each local connection that is created. If you are using the Selenium testing framework, the Local Identifier must be added to the Selenium capabilities.
The Local Identifier is exposed as an environment variable
BROWSERSTACK_LOCAL_IDENTIFIER. You can use it to set
the Selenium capability. See the following example which uses Ruby’s selenium-webdriver:
require 'rubygems' require 'selenium-webdriver' # Input capabilities caps = Selenium::WebDriver::Remote::Capabilities.new caps['browserstack.local'] = 'true' caps['browserstack.localIdentifier'] = ENV['BROWSERSTACK_LOCAL_IDENTIFIER'] # Add other capabilities like browser name, version and os name, version ... driver = Selenium::WebDriver.for(:remote, :url => "http://USERNAME:ACCESS_KEY@hub-cloud.browserstack.com/wd/hub", :desired_capabilities => caps)
Local identifiers are essential for matrix builds. Since matrix builds in travis can be run on the same VM, we need to add the Local Identifier when starting the connection to ensure that the correct local tunnel gets the right requests.
App Upload #
Upload your App to the BrowserStack servers after building it. The app should be built in the install step and the test script must be run in the script step. To upload the app, configure the path to your app in the .travis.yml file:
install: - "Build script for the app" script: - "Test script" addons: browserstack: username: "Your BrowserStack username" access_key: "Your BrowserStack access key" app_path: "path to your app file"
Once the app is uploaded to the BrowserStack servers the resulting app id will be set in the environment variable
BROWSERSTACK_APP_ID. You can use it to set the Appium capability in your test.
caps['app'] = ENV['BROWSERSTACK_APP_ID']
Checkout the BrowserStack Android Sample App .travis.yml file.
Additional Options #
Local testing also allows you to set the proxy host, port, username and password through which all urls will be resolved:
addons: browserstack: username: "Your BrowserStack username" access_key: secure: "The secure string output of `travis encrypt`" proxyHost: "Proxy server host" proxyPort: "Proxy server port" proxyUser: "User to use when accessing proxy server" proxyPass: "Password to use when accessing proxy server"
More Options #
Some other options that are supported by the add on are,
- forcelocal: If this is set to true then all network traffic will be resolved via the Travis CI container/VM.
- only: restricts Local testing access to the specified local servers and/or folders.
addons: browserstack: username: "Your BrowserStack username" access_key: secure: "The secure string output of `travis encrypt`" forcelocal: true only: dev.example.com,80,0,*.example.org,80,0
The format for the only flag is, “Host pattern,Host Port,Flag for SSL True(1)/False(0)” and repeat.